It's very exciting to bring a new life into this world and being pregnant is a beautiful and life-changing experience. But it's not easy both physically and emotionally. And for the whole nine months, your body goes through a lot of changes including skin changes, particularly acne.
Acne occurs during pregnancy due to hormonal changes. During the first trimester, the production of androgens surge to support the baby's development. Then these androgens are converted into estrogen and progesterone and this causes increase in sebum production. Sebum is natural oil produced by skin’s sebaceous glands. And excess sebum production clog pores and can cause bacteria build up and results to acne break out.
Pregnancy skin condition such as melasma is caused by rapid acceleration of androgens. Unfortunately, if you have acne prone skin, there's a chance that it will come back in the first trimester.
When you're pregnant, it's important to read product labels. It's best that you should consult your physician first, because any product you use can be absorbed by your body and can potentially harm your baby. And some ingredients can cause birth defects. Here are some tips on how to fight acne during pregnancy.
- Consult your physician, OB/GYN or dermatologist before taking acne medication.
- Read and follow the instructions on the product label
- Avoid facial treatments and face or body peeling. Your body's rate of absorption of skincare ingredients increases.
- If you’re not sure about anything or before using any skincare products, consult your doctor first.
Skincare Ingredients that are Safe
Here are some skincare ingredients that are safe for pregnant women.
This acid is naturally from barley, rye grains, and wheat and can also be produced synthetically. Unlike any other AHAs, azelaic acid can help clear out the pores by deeply penetrating and clearing out bacteria and dead cells that can cause acne breakout. It also helps regulate sebum production, an anti-inflammatory and helps combat rosacea. It also contain antioxidant properties that helps improve dullness of skin, hyperpigmentation and uneven skin tone.
This is an AHA and it's a derivative from sugarcane. Of all AHAs, this is the most easily absorbed by the skin. It helps fight acne during pregnancy and help treat other skin issues like blackheads, enlarged pores, keratosis pilaris and psoriasis. It also helps exfoliate and peel dead skin cells.
This is one of the most used AHAs in skincare products. It's a natural acid from fruit, milk, vegetables and can also be produced synthetically. Lactic acid can fight off acne because it's it contain gentle exfoliation properties and it can help stimulate skin cell turnover.
It has also anti-aging properties that helps improve and soften the skin's texture while it soothes the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
Skincare Ingredients to Avoid
Generally, skincare ingredients with labels, acne creams, ant-aging, skin lightening, and wrinkle creams contain ingredients that are harmful for pregnant women and should be avoided.
Here are the following skincare ingredients that should be avoided by pregnant women.
- Isotretinoin (Accutane)
- Salicylic Acid